By: Kayce Champion | February 3, 2017
Auschwitz is a very familiar name to many as most know it as one of the concentration camps used during the holocaust to carry out genocide against European Jews. Poland was the country where it was located and since the ending of World War II, the Polish have received much controversy of whether or not the camp was ran by Nazis or Polish people themselves. The camp was closed down on January 27, 1945 when Soviet forces came into the camp. The Nazis who ran the camp left days earlier and left most of the camp intact (BBC News “Auschwitz Death Camp: Poland Puts Database of Prison Guards Online”).
New sources have come to light, a database of known Auschwitz guards and commanders are online for the world to see and to hopefully rid of the belief that Auschwitz was run by Poland. “The full IPN database, which was compiled by historian Aleksander Lasik , now contains over 25,000 records that cover personnel of multiple concentration camps. Of those, thousands relate to people who worked at Auschwitz—which was not a single camp, but a network of camps that both enslaved and killed Jews, Poles, political prisoners, Roma people, homosexuals, the mentally ill and disabled, and others. At least 1.3 million people are thought to have been deported to Auschwitz at some point between 1940 and 1945, 1.1 million of whom were murdered. The atrocities carried out by guards and commanders all happened less than 40 miles away from Krakow, one of Poland’s most important cities” (Blakemore “Poland Is Searching for Last Living Auschwitz Guards” ). The database is the outlet for Poland’s innocence during World War II.
“Auschwitz Death Camp: Poland Puts Database of Prison Guards Online” BBC News, BBC, 30 Jan. 2017, www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38797727.
Blakemore, Erin. “Poland Is Searching For the Last Living Auschwitz Guards.” Smithsonian.com, Smithsonian Institution, 31 Jan. 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/poland-searching-last-living-auschwitz-guards- 180961977/.