Russia’s Political System

By: Kayce Champion | February 21, 2017

The political system of Russia is defined as a semi-presidential federation (“The World Factbook: Russia”). A semi-presidential federation gives power to a directly elected president along with a prime minister in the executive branch. In the case of Russia, current president Vladimir Putin considers a higher power of the government than Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. However, in a federation, the relationship between the states of a country and the national government is defined through a written document or constitution. Through the reign of Putin as the Russian president, there has been many to conclude a resurgence of hegemonic Russia.

Russia used to be known as the Soviet Union, composed of many other countries such as Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Lithuania, Georgia, Armenia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan (“Countries in Soviet Union”). In that time, the political system of Russia used to be a hegemony. A hegemony is an indirect form of government in which one region (Russia in the Soviet Union) rules all other subordinate regions through political and forcing threats, along with political, economic, military, or cultural dominance. This is considered a type of imperialism.

Changes that have been brought along in Russia’s political system is mainly due to the Cold War. The Cold War was the tension building time between the United States and Russia after World War II in the period of 1947 to 1991. The tensions was largely due to United States being democratic and Russia being hegemonic. Russia continued its hegemonic ideas with Germany being split and covering the east side of Germany with its political values (Marcinkowski “The Crises of Russian Hegemony in the Post-Soviet Space”). With the end of the Cold War, the end of Russia’s political system and somewhat shifted towards a federation, along with the United States. In spite of that, the current president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, his use of government and current progression in Europe, some are considering the possibility of a resurface of a hegemonic political system in Russia.


“The World Factbook: RUSSIA.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency,        12  Jan. 2017,                  Accessed  21 Feb. 2017.

“Countries in the Soviet Union.” History of Russia,                                                                          Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

Marcinkowski, Bartosz, and GlobeGroup – Jacek Spławski. “The Crises of Russian                       Hegemony in the Post-Soviet Space.” The Crises of Russian Hegemony, 5 Mar. 2015,                             hegemony-in-the-post-soviet-space. Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.


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